How far is the psychological problem from the business
Attentive people will find that successful entrepreneurs are generally older than their actual age.
The boss of a domestic private enterprise, only forty years old, has white hair climbing to the horns.
As a result of the incident, under long-term tremendous pressure, his body was weak, and his stomach had a tumor, and he was forced to be admitted to the hospital.
On the hospital bed, the person is acute and older. However, everyone knows that after leaving the hospital, it is not a comfortable and comfortable life to greet him. It is still a brutal and fierce market competition.
Shortly after he was discharged, he was rushed to the hospital again because of a myocardial infarction, and his life was at stake.
The judge’s chief illness is related to psychological factors.
A small survey found that the physical condition of entrepreneurs is worrying.
At present, experts at home and abroad have researched and analyzed the phenomenon of cheating that seriously endangers the health of managers.
The results show that the top ten killers of human health in the 1990s were all diseases related to psychological factors.
Entrepreneurs are at high risk for many diseases.
This seems alarmist.
Some countries have already attached great importance to the psychological problems of enterprises.
Many international corporate psychological service organizations have also been reborn.
For example, the “Employee Program” (EAP) in the United States.
Of the world’s 500 largest companies selected by Fortune Magazine, more than 80% have set up “psychological service projects”.
However, the psychological problems of Chinese enterprises have not yet received sufficient recognition from the business community.
Especially in most domestic enterprises, the application of psychology is almost blank.
Too many managers’ ideas and models remain in the Taylor era.
Therefore, some people make a figurative metaphor: psychological services are a necessity for the past, a luxury for the backward countries, and a condiment for the top.
Corporate psychological problems can not be relieved for a long time, and it is inevitable to affect the healthy development of enterprises and enterprise managers.
So, what are the common psychological fragility of enterprises?
Stress Stress is the sword of Damocles hanging above the heads of business managers.
Psychologists believe that one of the most serious problems facing modern people is stress.
No one can cause stress.
Numerous psychologists, medical scientists and consultants at home and abroad have conducted extensive stress response research.
Dr. Selje, who most noticed, found that the human body responds to stress in three stages: alertness, resistance, and exhaustion.
During the alert phase, the human body pays attention to the stressor and prepares to fight or avoid it.
During the confrontation phase, the human body overcomes the damage caused by stress on its own.
However, if the stressor does not disappear, the body must remain vigilant because it cannot overcome the damage it has suffered.
In this way, you enter the third stage-exhaustion stage.
If this condition persists, your immune system may be damaged.
That’s why the physiological mechanisms that make entrepreneurs susceptible to disease.
Actually, a lot of pressure is unnecessary.
The numbers below may renew your concerns.
1) 40% of people’s concerns never happen.
2) 30% of concerns are related to decisions made in the past and cannot be changed.
3) 12% of worries focus on criticism caused by others’ inferiority.
4) 10% of anxiety is related to health, “the more serious” the problem becomes more serious. 5) Only 8% of concerns can be included in the “reasonable” range.
What reminds us more is that among the tension factors caused by the “reasonable” range, less than one-tenth of the problems are really worth having.
The remaining nine problems can be solved by learning to eliminate them.
Interpersonal boredom psychologists have done such an interesting experiment, confining each other’s pleasing subjects in pairs in a small room.
With the increase of the time spent with each other, the time for participants to interact with each other decreases.
In the end, each other turned a blind eye and said nothing, the room was filled with a quiet, solemn atmosphere.
This experiment shows that the human body as an information processing and comprehensive needs system, not only needs to maintain the optimal level of stimuli it receives, but also needs to maintain the matching and balance of various stimulus substitutions.
Interpersonal communication is important to entrepreneurs, but at the same time, people’s needs for it do have certain limits.
The reason why entrepreneurs are so miserable about making up for the social suffering is that their social interactions are too alternating and the opportunity to be alone is deprived.
Poor time management Time is probably the most precious thing for entrepreneurs, and it is also the most lacking.
The boss of a company said, “Everything is awkward. You must do this thing. You ca n’t do it if you don’t do it.” Once this chaotic and disorderly feeling appears in your mind, it is a kind of mentalThe appearance of obstacles.
The initial cause of this psychological problem is the lack of previous meticulous planning and the lack of courage to implement the plan.
In fact, if everything is planned, people will have extra buffer time.
We do n’t prevent you from doing an experiment. You can list in detail the things you might do the next day, and rank them according to their priorities, and then mark the time required to complete each thing behind the corresponding thing. You will be surprised.It turned out that there were so many hours in a day!
Hilgert said that in every organization I encounter, poor communication is a fundamental problem it faces.
From interpersonal misunderstandings to financial, operational and production issues, everything is related to inefficient communication.
American famous management scientist Richard M.
Hodgetts has also said deeply that poor communication is a basic cause of inefficient organization.
Poor communication in the enterprise mainly comes from two aspects, one is from top to bottom communication barriers (from managers to employees), and the other is from bottom to top communication barriers (from employees to managers).
Downward communication is prone to information inflation.
The more you pass, the more likely it is to swell and distort.
Here is an interesting example: The boss told his secretary: “Check how many of us work in Shanghai. The chairman will ask about this situation on Wednesday’s meeting. I hope to be more detailed.
“The company secretary called and told the secretary of the Shanghai branch:” The chairman wants a list and files of all the staff in your company. Please prepare. We need two things. ”
The secretary of the branch company also told its manager: “The chairman wants a list and files of all the staff in our company. There may be other materials that need to be replaced as soon as possible.
“The next morning, four big boxes of airmail arrived at the company building.
Bottom-up communication includes work performance reports, suggestion boxes, employee attitude surveys, submission procedures, etc. provided by subordinates.
Upward communication is prone to information compression effects.
Generally, good news is reported upwards, and bad news is filtered.
As a result, senior managers did not understand the situation, which led to wrong decisions.
There is a potential damaging factor for corporate communication errors. It is like a large invisible net and sometimes even triggers extreme events.
Employees ‘occupational ill-health in modern human resource management, the negative impact of employees’ occupational mental health on employees and their organizations has received more and more attention.
In fact, any event related to personal life and personal work may affect the occupational mental health of employees.
To sum up, the typical occupational psychological problems can be summarized into the following four aspects: 1. Cognitive impairment-inability to focus attention-unbearable work stress-emotional damage-inferiority and discrimination.
2. Worry about depression-anxiety and loss-bleak career prospects-lack of self-control.
3, bad hobbies (such as: smoking and alcohol abuse)-violent tendencies-suicidal thoughts-family or marriage failure.
4, environmental adaptation difficulties-interpersonal difficulties-cultural conflicts.
Occupational psychological problems of employees will inevitably seriously affect the normal lives of employees and the achievement of organizational goals.
They can cause employees to cause physical illness, reduce quality of life, increase dissatisfaction with work and life, and even behave abnormally. The consequences for organizational operations are often manifested as: increased absenteeism, increased turnover, increased accident rates, reduced work efficiency, reduced work enthusiasm, and expanded resource management-such as for recruitment, training and medical expenses.
Consequences What kind of consequences will the psychological defect of the enterprise bring to the enterprise?
The first is the health of business leaders.
Due to the special working conditions and social roles of entrepreneurs, their chances of seeking psychological help and venting are usually less than those of other groups.
Many entrepreneurs show good psychological qualities, but deep in their hearts are many hardships and helplessness.
Therefore, the rate of scientists suffering from cardiovascular diseases, digestive system diseases, immune system diseases and endocrine system diseases is significantly higher.
In industrially developed Japan, such a term is popular: Too old to die.
It means “the pressure caused by being forced to work hard exceeds the threshold that can be sustained, leading to death from high blood pressure or stroke”.
In addition, the biggest threat to business leaders is the misgivings.
When Fang Hong, the general manager of Shanghai Volkswagen, jumped down from the fifth floor, it really caused a great shock in the corporate world: psychological problems are with us.
In fact, a lot of despair is caused by those little-known “distress and helplessness” that have not been properly dealt with.
Often, they send signals to people around them for help many times before committing suicide, but it is generally difficult for people who lack psychological knowledge to detect such signals.
U.S. data indicate that suicide rates are lowest among blue-collar workers, while administrative occupations such as managerial ranks have the highest suicide mortality rates among executives.
Psychological harm is not always destroying the health of entrepreneurs, and it has also seriously affected enterprises.
Because the psychological condition directly affects a person’s decision-making, organization, communication, and other capabilities, these capabilities are fatal to a manager. Many companies’ decision-making errors, interpersonal conflicts, and risk taking are directly related to the psychological status of the entrepreneurRelationship.
Due to the psychological neglect and ignorance of people in enterprises, many avoidable adverse consequences have occurred.
People have their own personalities, and they have their own personalities as well.
For example, democratic, authoritarian, laissez-faire, and so on.
The character of an enterprise is a material externalization of the character of an entrepreneur.
There is a famous saying in psychology: personality determines fate.
The fate of an enterprise is also determined by the character of the enterprise.
The character of an enterprise means the character of an entrepreneur.
So, in a sense, it is not an overstatement for an entrepreneur to determine the fate of an enterprise.
Solution: Due to the oversupply of some internal workers and the quality requirements of employees, some managers do not respect employees.
However, from the perspective of the long-term development of an enterprise, the key factor in the development of an enterprise is people. The competition between enterprises is, in the final analysis, the competition of talents.
An enterprise wants to be invincible in the competition of the business world forever, and it is difficult to give up attention to people.
An important aspect of paying attention to people is to pay attention to their psychological needs.
From a psychological perspective, consider their problems in communication, professional mental health, interpersonal conflict and motivation.
In fact, in Europe and the United States, companies use a method called employee assistance programs to solve the psychological distress of employees in enterprises.
After years of development, it has been proven to be an excellent solution to the problem of mental illness among corporate employees. Some data show that 80% of the top 500 US companies use the employee assistance program. In China, we advocate the employee assistance program and have obtained some researchAnd practical experience.